Saturday, April 11, 2009

TALES FROM THE CAPITAL CITY - XII

‘EDAVANKADAN ACHARIMAR’ OF MAVAELIKKARA

Cheriyanad, a village in Kerala state belongs to Central Travancore Region and specifically comes under Chengannur Thaluk in Alleppey District. It is placed almost midway between Chengannur and Mavelikkara towns. Cheriyanad is a special grade panchayat. Cheriyanad Sri Balasubrahmanya Swami Temple is a famous spot in Cheriyanad.

Cheriyanad was once located on the boundary of the kingdom of the Kayamkulam Rajah and in 1746 along with the rest of the kingdom it was annexed to Travancore. Cheriyanad possesses a Padanilam or a battlefield, which is now occupied by a school. Some prominent families owned Kalari i.e. martial arts gymnasiums and private temples. Traditionally Cheriyanad consisted of nine original Karas or villages, which are Athimanchery, Edavankadu, Mandapariyaram, Thuruthimal, Moolikode, Edamuri, Mampara, Ariunnisery, and Alakode. For administrative purposes, subdivided into fourteen Karas. Cheriyanad is home to an important temple, located west of padanilam junction ;( 500mtr) Mavelikara-Kozhenchery road, of the Hindu deity Subramanyan which is included in the jurisdiction of the high priests of the Sabarimala temple, the Thazhamon Madhom Nampoothiri family of Chengannur. This temple is located in the heart of Cheriyanad, also known as Athimuncherry.

‘Edavankadan Achari’ is the hereditary title given to the head craftsmen of Edavankadu; they were the moothasaris of the kings of Travancore. Their ancestral tharavad is located in Alappuzha District, in a small village named Cheriyanad in Chengannur Thaluk. No details are known about the origin of the family, but it may have some connection with the construction of Subramanya temple of Cheriyanad. The family has two branches, Thundiyil Veedu, the main branch and Edavankadu Valiya Veedu, which now houses the ‘Ara’ or thekkath of the family with all their family deities including lord Vishwakarma. Even now yearly festivals are conducted for 41 days. Thundiyil Veedu has now fallen with time, the last moothachari of the family Edavankadu Padmanabhan Achari hailed from Thundiyil Veedu.

Edavankadan Achari was the moothachari’s of many palaces built by the king’s of Travancore. They were specialized in woodcarving. The members of the family had good knowledge of the Shilpa Shastra and Vedas and were given the titles like ‘Randam Brahma’. The members of the family were the head craftsmen of Subramanya temple of Harippad.

Edavankadan T.N. Padmanabhan Achari and his wife Karthyayini Ammal - Photograph from the private collection of Joseph (Babu).
I have heard from my uncle that his ancestors were the moothacharis of many of the palatial mansions of old Christian families. They perform the duties of stapatis. Once they went to build a house for a wealthy Christian landlord. One day when the moothachari was cooking food in a small hut made for him, the karnavar of the family came and asked him to give some food. The moothachari was surprised- a rich landlord asking food from him, when enquired the landlord said that their Lord, Christ was the son of a carpenter.

A story is that long ago an Achri of the family presented the king of Travancore with a lotus, made of wood, so delicate that its petals fluttered with the wind. The Achari was given a horse as a reward (late nineteenth century).

The moothacharis of the family used to accompany the ‘Naduvazhi Nampoothiri’ of Cheriyanad on special occasions. It is said that the people of the village, on seeing the Achari wearing ‘Poonol’ mistook him for the Nampoothiri and bowed before him. On seeing this naduvazhi ordered the Achari to carry a ‘muzhankol’ in his hand. It is said that the moothachari made a silver muzhankol for the purpose and on seeing the silver staff the locals mistook him for the naduvazhi and showed greater respect.

Unlike ordinary Achari families, the members of the family enjoyed privileges and can be considered as ‘nobles’ among Acharis. The title of ‘Edavankadan Achari’ title was usually given to the eldest male members of the family; they usually stayed in Travancore, the capital city and had to attend in all the major functions in the family. The family was given large areas of farming land as ‘Uurhiyam’ by the king’s of Travancore; they had their own ‘Pulayan’ family to do the farming. The last Asaris of the family who were given the hereditary title was Kochu Kunju Achari, son of Neelakandan Achari of Thundiyil Veedu (Kochu Kunju had an elder brother, but due to some eye ailments he was not qualified for the title). Kochu Kunju Achari and his younger brother Padmanabhan Achari came to live in the capital city.

The fame of the brothers crossed the seas with the life size and miniature wooden statues of Kathakali figures made by them. The royal family of Travancore who were the major patrons of the family owned many of the masterpieces made by the brothers. The life sized Kathakali figures made by the brothers are now exhibited in Kuthira Malika and Napier museum; some of the most intricately carved statues are still in the collection of the royal family. For their services, they were given ‘Veerasringala’ by the Amma Maharani Sethu Parvathy Bai.


Edavankadan T.N. Padmanabhan Achari with the kathakali figures - Photograph from the private collection of Joseph (Babu).
In 1958, the ‘Edavankadan’ brothers settled in Manacaud (Kuriyathy) and later shifted to a house near Attukal temple. However, in late 1950’s Kochu Kunju Achari passed away, he was a bachelor, so with his death the title passed down to his younger brother T.N. Padmanabhan Achari. The knowledge he had on ‘silpasastra’ made the Maharaja Sree Chithira Tirunal to appoint Padmanabhan Achari as the supervisor in charge of the new idol, which was being sculpted for Sabarimala by Chengannur Neelakanda Panicker. It was Padmanabhan Achari who performed the rituals of ‘opening of the eyes and mouth’ of the newly installed idol of Sabarimala temple, using a small chisel made of gold.

Receiving the first National Award for woodcarving from President Dr. Radhakrishnan,1966 Picture reproduced from Vishwakarman (magazine, 1969 edition).
In 1966 T.N. Padmanabhan Achari received the first National Award for woodcarving from President Dr. Radhakrishnan. Padmanabhan Achari married Karthyayini Ammal of Karthikapalli Veedu of Harippad. In 1985, the couple settled in Pattom. However, it is unfortunate that with the death of this master craftsman, his children did not carry on the family traditions and crafts.

Sharat Sunder Rajeev
11-04-2009.

16 comments:

manu said...

i have heard the lotus story many times from my grandmom. Infact i am also told that the house my great great grandad built had its foundation stone and sthanam laid by the edavankadan asari, the same man who was awarded the horse by the king. This was a very interesting read. Also since i hail from cheriyanad, i have never heard of any naduvazhi nampoothiri. There are no namboodiris in cheriyanad, only pottis. The feudal lord of the village was the Ariunni Panicker but I have heard that during the time of the Kayamkulam Rajah, the Nallur madhom potti, from whom i am descended, was the chief person in the temple. maybe the brahmin in question was him.

manu said...

i was just thinking. The Namboodiri in question might have been the Oovampallil Thampuran (or Ompally Thampuran). Till independence and the organization of the devaswon board, the Cheriyanad temple was the private property of the Oovampallil Thampuran who was a Namboodiri from Cochin. He came very rarely to Cheriyanad and the last time, in 1930, he took away most of the gold and ornaments of the temple owing to problems. But i am almost certain that this namboodiri was the thampuran indeed.

sharat sunder rajeev said...

well manu, your guess may be right, i got these informations from my grand uncle neelakandan, son of edavankadan padmanabhan.they all were born in T.V.M, so neelakandan is also not sure about the thampurans identity. it is unfortunate that they do not know names of their ancestors.

Manu said...

Hey sharat, i have started a new blog and just finished a post on the story u told me of abhirami. i have ofcourse acknowledged you in it. :) do comment and let me know.

Anonymous said...

what manu said is rht..there were no "naduvazhi namputhiri" in cheriyandu.some "unnithan,panikkar" feudal lords with great power and wealth controled most of the areas.other intresting thing is the great actor "Jagathy sreekumar's mother comes from this village probably related to the "edavanakdu asharis"

Anonymous said...

my unlce was the barber of cheianadu near the bus stop. I am a barber in a saoon in california. Schwarezhenger is my client.

Anonymous said...

my aunty was the local prostitutue near the temple. the temple priest and some landlords slep with my auntie. Now iam sleeping with the priest's wife.

Sharat Sunder Rajeev said...

hai Anonymous (the last 2 comments), glad to hear about your VIP client and your aunt, if you want to sleep with the 'priest's wife', just go and sleep....i am not interested to hear about that.
- Sharat Sunder Rajeev

San1234 said...

Hi
Potti families in Cheriyanad were pure Malayali Brahmins. Hence, they are using the surname Namboodiri now (though, not all). However, they were not Naduvazhis. They were 'Ooralars' (Trustees) of Cheriyanad Balasubrahmaniyaswamy temple in earlier days.

Anonymous said...

kettukazcha of "mattom south" Bheemasenan sitting n a chariot was also built by edavankadan's. Der is a branch of dis family in chettikulangara

Anonymous said...

Jagathy is a member of dis family. He done his UP studies in DBHSS Cheriyanad now d moothassery of chériyanad branch is Pethambaran achary. He is d moothassary f 9 pallivilakk out f 13 of chrd temple. In the whole world dis kind of wonder ful festival is only conducted n dis temple. Unfortunately it has no publicity . As a son f dis village pls do necessary steps u can.pls cnt me i wil tel u more stories.
7293144946

Anonymous said...

Der s a branch of edavankadans in cherynad. One is "thiruvampady" in "ATHIMUNCHEARY KARA. At the time of construction(mining) of their well,they got the idol of krishna nw placed in cheriyanad temple named as "thiruampadi krishna". So d family members got d right f "bhalashruthy" telling 1year future f villagers by cut coconut, at d time of "kodiyeattu" f chrd temple

Anonymous said...

mainly cheriyanad is divided into two, "padinjattum muri"& "kizhakkum muri". padinjattum muri is divided into 5 main villages. "Atimuncheary, Mandapariyaram, Edavankadu, Edamury (north& south, kadayickadu), Moolikode (moolikode & moolikode east)
kizhakkum mury divided into 4 villages. "Ariyannurssery, Mampra, Thuruthimel, and Alackode (cheruvalloor, njanjoockadu, kollakadavu but kara nw known as cheruvallur kara). The kizhakkum muri villagést were under the "Pandalam Raja" and the padinjattum muri villages were under "kayamkulam Raja" later in the 18 th centuries the 2 muries (9 villages) were annexed 2 Thiruvithamkoor

Anonymous said...

The mid portion of padinjattum muri & kizhakkum muri is known as "Padanilam" , means battle field, where 90% of cerimonies of chrd temple conducted

Sharat Sunder Rajeev said...

Hi Anonymous,
Thank you for the information. I have heard about the Thiruambadi Krishnan in the temple which was donated by the family members. I have relatives there in the family. According to the daughter of Edavankadan T.N. Padmanabhan Achari, the familys original name is 'Chathamethu Thiruambadi'.....I have managed to collect many interesting stories about the ancestors of this family of master craftsmen and I have included some of them in my upcoming work, about the traditional craftsmen....I would be happy to hear more stories from you...Will certainly call you.

Thanking you once again,
Sharat Sunder Rajeev.

Blogger said...

Sprinter - Function One (160BPM)